LUCAS VAN LEYDEN

(c. 1489/94-1533)
According to the early seventeenth-century art historian Karel van Mander, Lucas van Leyden was precocious, engraving his first works at age nine and becoming equally accomplished in painting, glass painting, and engraving. Born in Leiden, Lucas trained first with his father, Hugo Jacobsz, and later with Cornelis Engebrechtz.
Mohammed and the Monk Sergius, a subject taken from the fourteenth-century Travels of Sir John Mandeville, is Lucas's earliest dated work signed with his "L" monogram. Influenced by the German master printmaker, Albrecht Dürer,* Mohammed and the Monk Sergius in turn inspired the background of Italian engraver Marcantonio Raimondi's* print after Michelangelo's* Battle of the Cascina. Another early print, the 1510 Ecce Homo, set in Leiden's city square, inspired Rembrandt in his later treatment of the subject.
Van Mander considers an engraved portrait of Emperor Maximilian to be Lucas's most outstanding work, while the sixteenth-century Italian art historian Giorgio Vasari* praises Lucas for his 1509 engraving, The Conversion of St. Paul, declaring it better than Durrer in capturing subtle, realistic light effects and in its delicate technique. More significant in terms of content are his 1514 and 1517 woodcut series of The Power of Women, depicting women betraying or triumphing over men.
Lucas showed similar virtuosity in his painting. His Last Judgment triptych, for the Church of St. Peter in Leiden, depicts hell in the manner of his fellow Dutch artist, Hieronymus Bosch, with fantastic devils and monsters. Here Lucas excels in his idealized treatment of the nude figure, his vibrant color, and his rationally conceived perspective. Another late work, Healing of the Blind, an­ticipates the development of seventeenth-century landscape painting with its low horizon line.
Lucas worked most of his life in Leiden, except for two trips to the southern Netherlands, where he met Durrer in 1521 and Jan de Mabuse and other Flemish artists in 1522. Unfortunately he contracted an illness during the last trip and spent much of his last six years in bed, where he continued to paint and engrave with specially adapted tools, according to van Mander. Lucas van Leyden died in 1533, eulogized by the poet Dominicus Lampsonius in a Latin poem for bringing fame to his birthplace, Leiden.
Bibliography
E. S. Jacobowitz and S. L. Stepanek, The Prints ofLucas van Leyden and His Contem­poraries, 1983.
E. L. Smith, The Paintings ofLucas van Leyden: A New Appraisal with Catalogue Raisonne, 1992.
Susan H. Jenson

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lucas van Leyden — Autoportrait Nom de naissance Lucas Huighensz Jacobsz Naissance 1494 Leyde Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucas van Leyden — Autorretrato Nombre de nacimiento Lucas Hugensz/Lucas Huygenz Nacimiento 1494 Leiden (Holanda) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lucas van Leyden — Lucas Hugensz van Leyden (* Ende Mai/Anfang Juni 1494 in Leiden; † Ende Mai/Anfang August 1533; auch Lucas von Leyden, in Italien Luca d Olanda) war ein niederländischer Maler und Kupferstecher der Renaissance. Selbstbildnis, Herzog Anton Ulrich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucas Van Leyden — Autoportrait Naissance 1494 Rome Décès 1533 Leyde Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucas van Leyden — (Leiden, 1494 ndash; August 8 1533 in Leiden), also named either Lucas Hugensz or Lucas Jacobsz, was a Dutch engraver and painter, born and mainly active in Leiden, who was among the first Dutch exponents of genre painting and is generally… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucas van Leyden —   [ lyːkas fɑn lɛi̯də], niederländischer Maler und Grafiker, * Leiden 1494, ✝ ebenda 1533; ab 1508 Schüler von C. Engebrechtsz. Schon die frühesten datierten Stiche (1508) zeigen reiche Beobachtung, hohe Eigenart der Charakteristik und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lucas van Leyden — [lo͞o′käs΄ vän līd′ n] (born Lucas Jacobsz) 1494 1533; Du. painter & etcher …   English World dictionary

  • Lucas van Leyden — /looh kahs vahn luyd n/, (Lucas Hugensz) 1494 1533, Dutch painter and engraver. * * * ▪ Dutch artist also called  Lucas Huyghensz(oon)  born 1489/94, Leiden [Netherlands] died before August 8, 1533, Leiden  northern Renaissance painter and one of …   Universalium

  • Lucas van Leyden — (5 or 6/1494 Leiden 5 or 8/1533 Leiden) (Netherlands); aka Leyden, Lucas Hugensz van / Lucas de Holandere / Van Leyden, Lukas Hugensz Painter, glass painter, engraver, and draughtsman. Trained under his father Huygh Jacobsz. And Cornelis… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Lucas van Leyden — /looh kahs vahn luyd n/, (Lucas Hugensz) 1494 1533, Dutch painter and engraver …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.